Anion exchange vs cation exchange chromatography

Anion exchange vs cation exchange

Introduction Anion exchange vs cation exchange is the two forms of ion-exchange chromatography. These are the two chemical methods used to separate molecules according to their net surface charge. There are some differences between these two chemical methods. An ion is an atom or molecule. When an atom is charged positively or negatively by accepting … Read more

Synthetic seed: Introduction and method of preparation

synthetic seed

Introduction Synthetic seed and in vitro propagation are the need of the hour. Mainly for the conservation of those plants that are under threat of extinction. Synthetic seed is a generic term for a somatic embryo delivery system used as a means of clonal propagation. Artificial seeds or synthetic seeds have great potential for large-scale … Read more

Purines vs pyrimidines a comparison

Purines vs pyrimidines

Introduction Purine and pyrimidine are the two nitrogenous bases known as the building blocks of nucleic acids in both DNA and RNA. Besides being nitrogenous bases there are some differences between them so we will discuss purines vs pyrimidines. Nucleic acid is basically a polymer of countless nucleotides. Nucleotides consist of three subunit molecules, such … Read more

Guanine structure and function


Introduction Nucleic acid is a polymer-type chemical that regulates the various biological functions of an organism. It is basically a polymer of nucleotides. Three types of components are found after hydrolysis of nucleic acid namely pentose sugar, nitrogenous bases, and phosphoric acid. Guanine is a type of nitrogenous base (5). These nucleic acids are the … Read more

Organogenesis and Somatic embryogenesis in Plant tissue culture

organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis

Plant tissue culture Plant genetic resources can be conserved by two important methods, namely In-situ and Ex-Situ conservation. The ex-situ conservation includes methods like seed storage, DNA storage, pollen storage, in vitro conservation, field gene bank, and botanical gardens. The following article is about the pathways of plant tissue culture namely organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis. … Read more

What is Plant Tissue Culture?

Plant Tissue Culture

Plant Tissue Culture Plant regeneration via plant tissue culture is often the most critical step in the success of biotechnological strategies for any plant improvement program. It involves the production of true-to-type plants in large numbers in a short period. Uses extremely small populations and offers a method to increase valuable genotypes. It can be … Read more

Recombinant DNA Technology

Recombinant DNA Technology

What is Recombinant DNA Technology? The recombinant DNA technology is a technology in which the DNA molecules are produced by joining together two or more DNA segments that are originally from two different organisms. Recombinant DNA molecule In recombinant DNA technology, a vector is a recombinant DNA molecule that is a plasmid, phage, or virus … Read more

Mitochondria Powerhouse of the cell

mitochondria powerhouse of the cell

Introduction The mitochondria powerhouse of the cell. It is a semi-autonomous cellular organelle that generates ATP which are the energy-rich compounds and are the main factors of the cell’s basic function. What is Mitochondria? Mitochondria is a double membrane-bound structure that is difficult to locate in a cell and requires a specific stain. Detail structure … Read more