Multifaceted Function of the liver

Function of the liver

Introduction The liver is the largest gland in the body weighing about 1.5 Kg in an adult human. Located at the upper right part of the abdominal cavity below the diaphragm (a shelf-like partition separating the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity). It has two main lobes right and left. It receives oxygenated blood from … Read more

Difference between soap and detergent as cleaning agents

Difference between soap and detergent

Introduction Soap and detergent both are cleaning agents that are essential for removing dirt, any contaminants that cannot be removed only with water. They are used for mostly household things like cleaning clothes, dishwashing, mopping floors etc. and used as skin cleaners and important for hand washing. following is the article on the difference between … Read more



Introduction Definition of Disaccharides is a compound that consists of two units of monosaccharides like glucose, fructose, galactose, and mannose.  Disaccharides are generally formed in plants and they can be separated from plant material.  Formation of disaccharides Condensation reaction and glycosidic bond formation In the presence of acid, a glycosidic bond is formed between two … Read more

What is bronsted lowry acid and base theory?

bronsted lowry acid and base

Introduction In 1923 Bronsted and Lowry proposed this theory to define acid and base. It’s applied on both aqueous and non-aqueous solution. They focused on the movement of hydrogen ions. Definition According to this theory, Acids are substances (molecules or ions) that have the tendency to donate protons (H+) and bases are substances that are … Read more

Bright Field Microscope

Introduction A bright field microscope can be said to be an optical microscope that uses light to illuminate an object. Another name for a bright field microscope is a Compound microscope. They are highly used in the areas of research, education, and industrial purposes. The compound microscopes are used for quantitative and qualitative analysis of … Read more

White blood cells and red blood cells

Introduction White blood cells and red blood cells are two important constituents of blood. Blood is the fluid connective tissue in the human body. It plays a major role in the transport of nutrients, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other substances throughout the body. Blood  comprises of two parts : Plasma Formed elements or blood corpuscles. … Read more

What is Fluvial Erosion?

Fluvial Erosion

Introduction The river is the most important of all geomorphic agents. Its work is widespread and covers a large area on the earth’s surface. In all types of landforms, rivers play an important part. The landforms created as a result of erosional action or depositional action of rivers are called fluvial landforms. What is Fluvial … Read more

Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment

Introduction Wastewater, also termed sewage, is basically water by weight. It is basically of three types domestic sewage, industrial sewage, and sewage from precipitation. This article is about wastewater treatment and procedures and types. The contaminants that can be found in wastewater include suspended solids particles, biodegradable dissolved organic matter, inorganic solids wastes, nutrients, metals, … Read more

What is fermenter?

What is fermenter?

Introduction The fermenters are highly used for food processing, fermentation, waste treatment etc. This article is all about  What is Fermenter and its types and uses. In general word, a fermentor is a type of closed vessel used for microorganisms’ growth under sterilized conditions for the production of metabolites.  An ideal fermentor should provide: Agitation … Read more