Antisera: Harnessing the power of antibodies


Introduction Definition  Antisera is defined as a serum present in our blood that contains monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies that provide passive immunization to our body.  Importance in medicine Antibodies have many applications in diagnosis therapy and research. All antibodies were produced by inoculating antigens into the animals and taking serum.  Role of antibodies in the … Read more

Innate Immunity: The first line of defence

Innate Immunity

Introduction The word Innate means something that has been present since the birth. Hence innate immunity is the first line of defence that our body has from foreign elements. This type of immunity is non-specific in nature that is it acts against a vast array of microorganisms, fungi and bacteria. In other words, we can … Read more

Enzyme immunoassays

enzyme immunoassays

Know in one minute about Enzyme immunoassay Enzyme immunoassay is an important technique for the detection of proteins, hormones, peptides, etc. EIA determines the sample by using enzyme-linked antibodies. Horseradish Peroxidase, alkaline phosphatase is used for labeling antigens or antibodies because they have chromogenic substrates. Enzyme immunoassay performs both qualitative and quantitative tests. We can … Read more

Immunoglobulins: Types and functions

Know in one minute about Immunoglobulins Immunoglobulins are proteins, also commonly referred to as antibodies, that are made by the immune system in response to antigens. They play a crucial part in the immune response by identifying, attaching to, and neutralising antigens. B cells also called plasma cells form immunoglobulins, resembling Y-shaped structures with varied … Read more