What is Fluvial Erosion?

Fluvial Erosion

Introduction The river is the most important of all geomorphic agents. Its work is widespread and covers a large area on the earth’s surface. In all types of landforms, rivers play an important part. The landforms created as a result of erosional action or depositional action of rivers are called fluvial landforms. What is Fluvial … Read more

Fault lines of the United States

Introduction A fault line, also known simply as a fault, is a geological fracture in the Earth’s crust where two blocks of the Earth’s lithosphere (the rigid outer layer of the Earth) have moved relative to each other. These movements can be horizontal, vertical, or a combination of both. Faults are typically caused by tectonic … Read more

What is karst topography?

karst topography

Introduction Underground water does a three-fold action of erosion, transportation, and deposition like all other agents of change. A limestone area where underground water is more effective is known as ‘karst’ topography. It is named after a province of Yugoslavia. Karst formation process There are various physical, and chemical processes that take place while forming … Read more

What is sinking creek?

Sinking Creek

Introduction In a valley, the water often gets lost through cracks and fissures in the bed. These are known as sinking creek and if their tops are open, they are called bogas. What is sinking creek? It is an erosional landform of karst topography. The surface of the karst plain looks like a sieve because … Read more

Soil salinization: Causes, effects and mitigation strategies

Soil salinization

Introduction Soil is a dynamic natural body developed as a result of pedogenic processes during and after the weathering of rocks, consisting of minerals and organic constituents, possessing definite chemical, physical, mineralogical, and biological properties, having a variable depth over the surface of the earth and providing a medium for plant growth for land plants. … Read more

Soli pH test: Methods and Procedures

soli pH test

Introduction Soil pH tells us whether the soil is acidic, neutral, or alkaline depending upon the hydrogen ions present in it and this is done by soil pH test. It is an important parameter that influences different soil factors, affecting plant growth. The soil pH test helps us to determine the pH acidity or alkaline … Read more

Acid soil: Causes, impact, and remediation

Acid soil

Introduction Soil acidity is the result of excessive accumulation of H+ ions (Hydrogen) over OH– ions (Hydroxide) in the soil solution. Hence acid soil or acidic soil is rich in H+ In other words, acidity means a low percentage of base saturation. It happens when precipitation exceeds the evapotranspiration. Thus here, the leaching is prominent, … Read more

Costal features: Types and formation

Introduction Coastal features are of various types of physical features situated along the coastline or shoreline of a sea or ocean. Coastal landforms are the result of dynamic interaction of processes like erosion, deposition, and other geological agents. They are formed either by the deposition of sediments along the coastline, forming depositional features, or the … Read more

Depositional Landforms

Depositional Landforms

Know in one minute about Depositional Landforms Depositional landforms are geological features formed by the deposition of sediments like sand, silt, and clay carried by natural agents like water, ice, wind, etc. Depositional landforms can be of various types such as fluvial, glacial, aeolian, etc. They support a variety of biodiversity and provide habitat for … Read more

The Difference between Aztec and Mayan Civilizations

Aztec and Mayan Civilizations

Introduction The ancient civilizations of the Aztecs and the Mayans were among the most fascinating and influential cultures in Mesoamerica. Although they shared some similarities due to their geographical proximity and cultural exchanges. However, there were also significant differences between the Aztec and Mayan civilizations. This article aims to explore and highlight the key distinctions … Read more