Food web in taiga

Food web in taiga


A food web is the representation of the interconnected feeding relationship among various components of an ecosystem. It transfers energy through various producers, consumers, and decomposers. In the taiga biome, the food web is complex and includes various organisms.

What is taiga biome?

A biome is a huge natural area on earth where certain types of plants grow.

Location of taiga biome

  • The taiga biome is a northern forest.
  • This biome is located in the continents of Asia and North America.
  • In North America, the taiga can be found in Canada and Alaska.
  • In Asia, taiga can be found in Scandinavia and Siberia.

Climate of taiga biome

  • The taiga biome is very cold in the winter and warm in the summer.
  • The taiga gets between 12 to 33 inches of precipitation every year.
  • The temperature varies from -58° to 86° F.
  • The taiga is the largest biome.

Flora of the taiga biome

  • There are many different types of plants in the taiga. Plants include aspen, jackpine trees, trilliums, conifer trees, black spruce etc.
  • Because the plants are mostly evergreen the growing season lasts all year.
  • Another name for taiga is the boreal forests.

Fauna in Taiga Biome

  • The taiga is full of different amazing and unique animals.
  • Animals include red foxes, red squirrels, chickadees, woodpeckers, lynx, eagles, bears, etc.
  • All taiga animals are adapted to cold weather.

Primary producers in the taiga

  • In the taiga ecosystem, the primary producers are the trees and plants that convert sunlight into energy through photosynthesis.
  • Dominated by coniferous trees like spruce, pine, and fir, the taiga vegetation has adapted to its extreme environment.
  • Additionally, mosses and lichens can also contribute as primary producers in the areas where the tree’s canopy is less dense.
  • The primary producers are the foundation of the food web by providing energy to the herbivores and to the other levels of the food chain.

Taiga consumers

  • Herbivores, or primary consumers are the animals that feed on plant life.
  • These include large mammals such as moose, and reindeer as well as small creatures like snowshoe hares and voles.
  • Moose feed on leaves and shrubs.
  • Reindeer, also known as caribou, graze on lichens, mosses, and green vegetation.
  • Snowshoe hares and voles feed on a variety of trees, barks, twigs, grasses, etc.
  • In turn, they provide a vital food source for many carnivores in the taiga.

Taiga secondary consumers

  • Carnivores and omnivores are the secondary consumers in the taiga food web. These include animals like lynx, wolves, and bears.
  • They obtain their energy by preying on herbivores.
  • Lynx are predators whose diet primarily consists of snowshoe hares.
  • Wolves on the other hand hunt in packs and target large animals like moose and reindeer.
  • Omnivores like bears play a unique role. Their diet includes berries, roots, insects, fish, and mammals.

Taiga decomposers

  • Decomposers play an important role in the food web.
  • These organisms include fungi and bacteria.
  • They break down dead organic matter such as fallen leaves, dead trees, and deceased animals into simple substances.
  • Fungi are well suited to Taiga’s climatic conditions.
  • They are the primary decomposers of wood and leaf.

Examples of the taiga food web with decomposers

  • The energy flow primarily starts with the sun.
  • The sun provides energy for producers like trees, and short grasses.
  • The primary consumers like reindeer eat the primary producers.
  • The secondary consumers like wolf bears in turn eat the primary consumers.
  • The decomposers like fungi and bacteria then act upon the dead plants and animals and turn them into simple substances.
  • The simple substance mixes with soil, thus again providing nutrients to the primary producers like trees and plants.
  • The cycle is continuous and important for the survival of the ecosystem.

Human impact on taiga food web

Human activities are impacting the taiga food web in the following ways-

  • Deforestation

The cutting of trees often for timber or to make way for agriculture, reduces the habitat available for many taiga species, thus affecting the food web.

  • Habitat fragmentation

The isolation of certain populations makes it difficult for animals to find food, mates, and new territories. This leads to decreased biodiversity, affecting the food web.

  • Climate change

The global rise in temperature is altering the taiga’s cold climate. This can lead to changes in plant and animal pollution, disrupting the food web

  • Pollution

Industrial pollutants such as gasses oil spills, and chemical runoffs are contaminating the water and soil, which in turn affects the health of the animals through the food web.

  • Poaching

Various animals like wolves, snow leopards, and bears are killed by humans for their fur which is slowly decreasing their population.


1. What is the food web of the taiga?

The food web of the taiga biome includes

Primary producers

  • Coniferous trees like pine, and fir.
  • Mosses and lichens.

Primary consumers

  • Moose, snowshoe hare.

Secondary consumer

  • Gray wolf, lynx, bear.


  • Fungi
  • Bacteria

2. What are the decomposers in the taiga food web?

The decomposers in the taiga food web are-

  • Fungi
  • Bacteria
  • Scavengers like ravens etc.

3. What is the food web in a biome?

A food web is a complex system of interconnected food chains in an ecosystem. It shows who eats whom in an environment.

4. What is the bottom of the taiga food chain?

The bottom of the taiga food chain consists of decomposers like fungi and bacteria which typically end the food web pyramid in an ecosystem.


  • The Food web in the taiga is complex interaction and energy flow.
  • From the towering coniferous trees to the mighty Siberian tigers, every organism plays an important role
  • The taiga has primary producers in the form of trees, and shrubs which turn sunlight into energy.
  • The primary producers give energy to the primary consumers like reindeer through their consumption.
  • The secondary and tertiary consumers are carnivores and omnivores like bears, wolves, lynxes, etc. The decomposers like fungi and bacteria break down organic matter, thus completing the cycle.
  • Human impacts on the taiga food web such as poaching, pollution, etc disturb the food web.
  • Preserving the taiga biome through natural measures is the need of the hour.


1.D.S.Lal. Physical Geography. Sharda Pustak Bhavan, Allahabad. Chapter 56- Biome, Page no- 774-780.

2. Rajiv Ahir. Spectrums Geography.Spectrum Books Pvt.Ltd, New Delhi. Chapter 201-Major biotic regions of the world. Page no: 242-251

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About Dr. Asha Jyoti 376 Articles
Greetings, lovely folks! 🌿 I'm Dr. Asha, a plant enthusiast with a PhD in biotechnology, specializing in plant tissue culture. Back in my scholar days at a university in India, I had the honor of teaching wonderful master's students for more then 5 years. It was during this time that I realized the importance of presenting complex topics in a simple, digestible manner, adorned with friendly diagrams. That's exactly what I've aimed for with my articles—simple, easy to read, and filled with fantastic diagrams. Let's make learning a delightful journey together on my website. Thank you for being here! 🌱.