Noble gas definition and examples

Noble gas

Introduction There are currently 118 elements in nature. These elements are arranged according to their atomic mass by Russian scientist Mendeleev and  German scientist Lothar Meyer. This is known as Mendeleev’s periodic law. The elements that are in group 9 according to Mendeleev’s periodic table and in group 18 according to the modern IUPAC long … Read more

What is the definition of photosynthesis?

What is the definition of photosynthesis?

Concept of photosynthesis Photosynthesis is a physiological process of plants. In 1898, scientist Barnes first used the term photosynthesis. Photosynthesis comes from two Greek words ‘photo’ means light, and ‘synthesis’ means, synthesize, or produce. Therefore, photosynthesis is the synthesis or production of any element with the help of light. In photosynthesis, solar energy from the … Read more

Particulate matter (PM): Introduction, definition, and classification

Particulate matter

Introduction In the first phase of creation, the earth cools from the gaseous state and becomes hard. Although the earth’s interior is fluid and viscous, its outer surface is hard. Some gaseous substances, not being liquid or hard, surround the earth and stick to the earth by gravity. This is how the Earth’s atmosphere originates. … Read more

Allotropes of carbon

allotropes of carbon

Introduction Carbon is the main component of the animal and plant world. It is the fourth most abundant element. Carbon is a nonmetal that is located in group 14 of the 2nd period of the periodic table. The word carbon comes from the Latin word ‘carbo’, which means coal. Scientists Lavoisier was the first to … Read more

Corrosion definition and types

Corrosion definition

Corrosion definition Corrosion is a significant term in chemistry. The matter is divided into three groups based on their physical and chemical properties. These are metal, nonmetal, and metalloid. Metals, which are chemically active, are corroded in the presence of atmospheric air and moisture. Metals that are highly reactive, such as magnesium, iron, aluminum, etc. … Read more

Structure of diamond

Structure of diamond

What is the structure of the diamond? Diamond is an allotrope of carbon it is solid in nature. A solid is a state of matter where the molecules are in close arrangement with one another and have a specific structure. Besides diamonds, there are other allotropes of carbon namely graphite, fullerenes, and charcoal. Diamond is … Read more

Desert ecosystem: Types and components

Desert ecosystem types

Introduction The desert ecosystem is one of the major ecosystems on the earth. Desert ecosystem types are warm, cold, and semi-arid. About 17% of the earth’s surface is covered by the desert ecosystem. Earth is a planet consisting of the atmosphere, ecosystems, and various elements. There are deserts in almost every continent of the world. … Read more

Different moons of Saturn and their description

moons of saturn

Introduction Saturn is known as the “moon king” of the solar system because it has a total of 82 moons. Out of these 82 moons, 53 were named and 29 were waiting for confirmation. They are unconfirmed because of the little information about their structure and composition and other things. If all of these moons … Read more

What are Saturn’s rings made of?

what are saturns rings made of

Introduction Saturn is the second-largest planet in the solar system, after Jupiter. It is the sixth planet from the sun and the farthest that can be seen with the naked eye. Saturn is a plant of giant gases like hydrogen, helium, and methane. In 1610, the Italian astronomer Galileo first observed Saturn with a telescope. … Read more

Ecosystem definition in biology, examples and types

ecosystem definition biology

Introduction The environment is created with everything around the organism. This environment is of two types, namely physical environment or abiotic environment, and biotic environment. The physical environment is composed of water, air, soil, etc. Whereas the biotic environment consists of plants and animals, which cannot survive without the physical environment. In order to discuss … Read more