Difference between animal, plant virus, and bacteriophage
Viruses are very small even smaller than bacteria and are mainly parasitic in nature. Depending upon the host, they are widely categorized under three different types namely animal, plant viruses, and bacteriophage. Although all the viruses have basic similarities but depending upon the host type and genetic material these also possess some differences. The following table shows the difference in virus based on their host.
The following table shows the major differences between animals, plant viruses, and bacteriophages in simple words with examples and diagrams.
|S/N||Animal Virus||Plant Virus||Bacteriophage|
|1.||Viruses that infect animals or human beings are known as animal viruses.||Viruses that infect plants are known as plant viruses.||Viruses that infect or attack bacteria are known as bacteriophage.|
|2.||The genetic material of animal viruses is either DNA or RNA.||The genetic material of the plant virus is RNA.||The genetic material of bacteriophage are either DNA|
|3.||Genetic material is single-stranded in the case of RNA and double-stranded in the case of DNA.||Genetic material is single-stranded.||Genetic material is either single-stranded or double-stranded DNA or single-stranded RNA.|
|4.||An envelope surrounds the protein coat or capsid of animal viruses.||An envelope does not surround the protein coat or capsid of plant viruses.||An envelope does not surround the protein coat or capsid of bacteriophage.|
|5.||Multiplication of animal virus is done by two types of methodsPermissive growthNon-permissive growth||The plant virus replication and movement are done via plasmodesmata. The virus also causes the complete death of the plant cell.||Multiplication of bacteriophage follows two types of method or cycleLytic cycleLysogenic cycle|